- 5★ – Advocate for transportation related large-scale solutions.
- 5★ – Live carlessly. Relying on public transportation and pollution-free methods of transport is a great way to get rid of a big chunk of your emissions. If you’re not ready for that, you can start by reducing car use. Especially for short trips toward city centers, where public transit should be abundant and parking is expensive.
- 4★ – Avoid other high emission transport modes. Planes and cruise ships are certainly considered high emission. Choose cleaner transport modes like rail instead.
- 4★ – Avoid frequent and faraway destinations. Rare cross-continental trips can end up having the same effect as frequent-but-shorter car rides. Business trips seem particularly avoidable now that video calls have been confirmed as reliable alternatives.
- 4★ – Buy local wherever you are. If the product isn’t grown or produced in your region, find alternatives.
- 3★ – If you need to own a vehicle, buy a low-emission one. Typically, small and newer CV models are pretty fuel efficient – while EVs in regions of low emission factors can be an even better option. It’s simply important to remember that neither CVs nor EVs are sustainable solutions. Also, make sure that the “low-emission” sticker doesn’t increase your vehicle use.
- 2★ – Work from home if you’re able to. Weekday commutes are terrible polluters and wastes of time, without mentioning that they delay workers who can’t work from home.
- 2★ – Join ride/vehicle-sharing groups. If you really need a vehicle but only a few times a week, sharing it with others to reduce waste and save money. Ridesharing is another way to divide the impacts and costs associated with using a vehicle.
- 1★ – Ride slower and avoid idling. Particularly, avoid trips downtown where you’ll have to make frequent stops.
- Governments: Implement a carbon tax on transport fuels. Higher taxes on gasoline, kerosene, and other types of transport fuels make driving, flying, and boating less desirable options. Of course, there needs to be compensations for lower income individuals so that they aren’t penalized harshly – since they typically have limited alternatives.
- Governments: Invest in green, convenient, and affordable public transport. Improving the quality of public transport while reducing its costs is essential. Electrifying public transport will also be important, especially if electricity mixes continue to get cleaner.
- Governments: Incentivize businesses to avoid avoidable transport. Through subsidies, governments can encourage businesses to have their employees work from home. Alternatively, subsidies can help businesses provide public transport passes for their employees and offer shuttles to-and-from the nearest public transit stations. Implementing a strong tax on long-distance business trips can also reduce emissions.
- Governments: Ban vehicles downtown and restructure cities accordingly. While exceptions will certainly have to be made for public transport and essential vehicles, removing cars from cities will have a bunch of positive side effects. On top of making cities cleaner and less congested, the ban would also promote public transport and non-motorized forms of transport. Additionally, through infrastructure changes due to the lack of vehicles, pedestrians/cyclists would be able to re-conquer their safer and denser cities.
- Governments: Ban short flights when rail is a feasible alternative. Rail may be slower, but there’s less waiting around and significantly less emissions. Banning airport expansion projects is also important to avoid investing in an unsustainable industry.