Solutions: Food


  • 5★Advocate for food related large-scale solutions.
  • 5★Reduce meat consumption. Forget about the various labels [e.g. vegan, vegetarian, flexitarian, etc…] and try new things. If you feel that you need to eat meat once in a while, that doesn’t mean you can’t go vegan for the rest of your meals.
  • 5★Buy sustainable, local, and in-season foods. Buying local isn’t about immediately lowering your impacts because of shorter distances. It’s about encouraging small-scale farming, promoting sustainable producers, reducing food wastage from transport and supermarkets, and boosting your local farming economy.
  • 3★Reduce consumption of high-impact drinks. Funny enough, you need much more water to make a glass of juice than a glass of water. Remember that significant amounts of GHGs are emitted yearly to grow coffee beans, oranges, and more ‘drink-making’ crops.
  • 3★Don’t waste food. Stay in control of your fridge to make sure ingredients will be used before going bad. Keeping leftovers and donating unopened foods are good ways of reducing your “avoidable” food waste.
  • 2★Find your (non-meat) high-impact foods. Try determining which of the foods you consume are considered high-impact, and see if you can find any better alternatives.
  • 1★Purchase products with food waste in mind. Buying close-to-expiring foods at the supermarket is a good plan if you know you’ll be using the ingredient soon. Also, try buying the ugly looking product instead of the perfectly shaped one.
  • 1★Adopt a ‘bulk mentality’, within reason. Buying in bulk can reduce packaging and save money, as long as none of it ends up wasted.
  • Governments: Implement a carbon tax on foods. Note that this carbon tax should consider land use conversion, soil degradation, and other indirect sources of emissions. Taxing high-impact products will significantly reduce demand and associated emissions. Subsidies to low-impact foods can also be established to encourage sustainable diets without threatening food insecurity.
  • Governments: Strengthen fishing regulations and establish no-take zones. By banning the most unsustainable fishing practices and outlawing fishing in certain areas, the fishing industry can quickly reduce its impacts. No-take zones allow natural ecosystems to bloom and foster loads of biodiversity, which can often result in higher fishing yields in surrounding waters.
  • Governments: Increase the share of local foods in grocery stores. Through taxes and/or subsidies, governments can make sure that the foods showcased in grocery stores were grown from local small-scale farmers.
  • Governments: Review regulations to reduce food wastage. Governments can tax food wastage, ban food wastage in grocery stores, and relax the “cosmetic quality standards” on produce to reduce food wastage and increase food security.
  • Governments: Increase the number of non-meat options in public cafeterias. With a few vegetarian meals per week, kids can learn simple recipes that are reproducible at home.