- 5★ – Advocate for ecosystem related large-scale solutions.
- 5★ – Maximize green areas. One example is tearing up an asphalt backyard or driveway to replace it with a natural garden/lawn.
- Governments: Implement a carbon tax on biomass products. Note that this carbon tax should consider land use conversion, soil degradation, and other indirect sources of emissions. Taxing high-impact products will significantly reduce demand and associated emissions. Sustainably-grown biomass can have negative emissions and can thus benefit from this tax by earning carbon credits.
- Governments: Improve policies surrounding ecosystem remediation programs. Increased subsidies can help organizations remediate loads of different ecosystems. Better regulations based on scientific and traditional knowledge can improve the quality of these programs to minimize costs and risks of maladaptation.
- Governments: Ban unsustainable land-use conversion. This ban includes unsustainable deforestation, peatland mining, and all other types of unsustainable land-use conversions. This ban should also include all imported products that have caused unsustainable land-use conversion abroad.
- Governments: Improve policies surrounding urban natural green areas. Increased subsidies can result in more green areas in cities. Eliminating ‘cosmetic bylaws’ that promote artificially-kept lawns is also important to allow natural green areas to grow.